In our last article about ‘Mango Grafting’ we learn the techniques about Stone Grafting.
In second part of this article we will understand the simple and impressive techniques about ‘Soft-Wood Grafting’ and ‘Veneer Grafting’.
Soft-Wood Grafting :
- This method of grafting is done when the rootstock is overgrown and thus not suitable for stone grafting.
- Normally in this method, seedlings of 8-10 months old are selected.
- The grafting is done on newly emerged flush.
- The scion wood to be used is defoliated 10 days prior to the grafting and has same thickness as that of terminal shoot.
- The method of grafting is similar to stone grafting.
- “July and August” are the best months for soft-wood grafting.
Veneer Grafting :
- This method of propagation possesses promise for mass scale commercial propagation.
- The method is simple and can be adopted with success.
- The rootstocks as mentioned for inarching are suitable for this method also.
- For conducting this grafting operation, a downward and inward 30-40 mm long cut is made in the smooth area of the stock at a height of about 20 cm.
- At the base of cut, a small shorter cut is given to intersect the first so as to remove the piece of wood and bark.
- The scion stick is given a long slanting cut on one side and a small short cut on the other so as to match the cuts of the stock.
- The scion is inserted in the stock so that the cambium layers comes on the longer side.
- The graft union is then tied with polythene strip as recommended for inarching.
- After the scion remains green for more than 10 days, the root stock should be clipped in stages.
- The scion wood to be used for veneer grafting requires proper preparation.
- The desired shoots should be defoliated at least one week prior to grafting so that the dormant buds in the axil of leaves become swollen.