- Mulberry leafs are main food for silkworm.
- The farmers who are having irrigated land can easily do planting of Mulberry in their farms.
- Selection of land is very important in Mulberry cultivation.
- For Mulberry cultivation the soil needs to have good PH level and well drained.
- It is essential to use compost as well as chemical fertilizers for fast growth of plant.
- Along with this dose of green manure, vermi compost and micro nutrient can be beneficial for nutritious leafs.
- After cultivation of Mulberry plants these plants can give benefits for next 15-20 years.
- To reduce cost it is advisable to do cultivation of plants in ‘Belt Type’.
- In Maharashtra 5x3x2 is most popular type in Mulberry plantation.
- Best period for Mulberry Cultivation is June, July, August & September.
- Mulberry cultivation can be done with drafting or sapping.
- While doing cultivation with drafting use at-least 5-6 month old sapling.
- Drafting should be of pencil size. Approximately 6-7 inch long with 3-4 buds. While cultivating drafting plant make sure that sapping should be 4 inch below ground and at-least 2 inch above ground. In 5-6 months the sapping gets ready for silkworm rearing.
- V1 and S36 are the high yielding mulberry varieties highly suitable for silkworm rearing. These two varieties produce nutritive leaf, which is essential for good growth of silkworm larvae.
The characteristics of these two mulberry varieties are as follows:
- The leaves are heart shaped, thick and light green with glowing nature.
- The leaves have high moisture and more nutrient content.
- About 15,000 to 18,000 Kg of mulberry leaf per year from one acre.
- This variety was released during 1997 and very popular in the field.
- The leaves are oval, broad in shape, thick, succulent and dark green
- About 20,000 to 24,000 Kg of mulberry leaf yield can be obtained in a year.
- This variety is very useful for arid or semi arid region.